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Tsurezuregusa Ocurrencias De Un Ocioso Pdf Download

Tsurezuregusa: The Musings of a Japanese Monk

Tsurezuregusa, or Ocurrencias de un ocioso in Spanish, is a classic work of Japanese literature written by Yoshida Kenko, a Buddhist monk, in the early 14th century. The title can be translated as "Essays in Idleness" or "The Harvest of Leisure", and it consists of 243 short passages that reflect on various topics, such as nature, art, morality, death, and impermanence. The book is considered one of the six most important works of Japanese classical literature, and it has influenced many writers and thinkers throughout history.

In this article, we will explore the background, content, and legacy of Tsurezuregusa, as well as provide some links to download the PDF version of the book in Spanish and other languages.


The Background of Tsurezuregusa

Yoshida Kenko was born in 1283 as Urabe Kaneyoshi, a son of a court official. He became a Buddhist monk at the age of 41, after the death of Emperor Go-Uda, whom he served as a chamberlain. He adopted the name Kenko, which means "humble" or "modest", and lived a secluded life in a hut near a temple in Kyoto. He wrote Tsurezuregusa between 1330 and 1332, using scraps of paper that he collected from various sources. He did not intend to publish his work, but rather to express his personal thoughts and feelings. His friend, Imagawa Ryoshun, a poet and scholar, compiled and edited his writings after his death in 1350.

Tsurezuregusa reflects the turbulent times that Kenko lived in, marked by civil wars, natural disasters, and social changes. The Kamakura shogunate, which ruled Japan since 1185, collapsed in 1333, and the imperial court regained its power. However, the country soon faced another conflict between two rival branches of the imperial family: the Northern Court and the Southern Court. Kenko was loyal to the Southern Court, which was based in Yoshino, while the Northern Court was supported by the Ashikaga shogunate in Kyoto. The war lasted until 1392, when the two courts were reconciled.

Kenko was also influenced by the Buddhist teachings of the Pure Land sect, which emphasized faith in Amitabha Buddha and the salvation of all beings. He believed that life was full of suffering and uncertainty, and that one should seek detachment from worldly desires and attachments. He also admired the culture and values of the Heian period (794-1185), which he considered to be more refined and elegant than his own era. He praised the beauty and simplicity of nature, art, poetry, and literature, and criticized the corruption and decadence of society.

The Content of Tsurezuregusa

Tsurezuregusa is not a systematic or coherent treatise, but rather a collection of random observations and anecdotes that reveal Kenko's personality and worldview. The passages range from one sentence to several pages in length, and they cover a wide variety of subjects, such as history, religion, philosophy, ethics, aesthetics, literature, poetry, music, painting, calligraphy, gardening, architecture, festivals, customs, manners, etiquette, dreams, superstitions, omens, legends, folklore Some of the topics that Kenko discusses in Tsurezuregusa are: - The importance of living in the present and enjoying the fleeting moments of life, such as the cherry blossoms, the moonlight, the snow, and the autumn leaves. He writes: "The most precious thing in life is its uncertainty" (Passage 150). - The value of solitude and meditation, and the avoidance of fame and power. He writes: "It is a wonderful thing to have a quiet and secluded place where you can spend your time in peace" (Passage 2). - The appreciation of art and literature, especially the works of the Heian period, such as The Tale of Genji, The Pillow Book, and The Tales of Ise. He also comments on various genres and styles of poetry, such as waka, renga, kanshi, and zuihitsu. He writes: "The best thing about literature is that it can convey the feelings and thoughts of the past to the present" (Passage 137). - The admiration of nature and its manifestations, such as flowers, birds, insects, animals, mountains, rivers, and seasons. He writes: "There is nothing that does not have its own beauty" (Passage 17). - The criticism of the contemporary society and its vices, such as greed, violence, hypocrisy, arrogance, and ignorance. He writes: "The world today is full of people who are only concerned with their own interests and do not care about anything else" (Passage 196). - The reflection on death and impermanence, and the need to prepare for the afterlife. He writes: "The most important thing in this world is to have a clear conscience and to do good deeds" (Passage 55). Tsurezuregusa is a rich and diverse work that offers a glimpse into the mind and heart of a medieval Japanese monk. It is also a timeless source of wisdom and inspiration for anyone who seeks to live a meaningful and peaceful life. The Legacy of Tsurezuregusa

Tsurezuregusa has been widely read and admired by generations of readers, both in Japan and abroad. It has been translated into many languages, such as English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese. It has also inspired many other writers and artists, who have borrowed, adapted, or imitated its style and content. Some examples are:

  • The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon, a contemporary work of zuihitsu by a Heian court lady, which shares some similarities with Tsurezuregusa in terms of format, tone, and topics.

  • The Essays of Michel de Montaigne, a 16th-century French philosopher, who was influenced by Tsurezuregusa and wrote his own collection of personal reflections on various subjects.

  • The Narrow Road to the Deep North, a 17th-century travel diary by Matsuo Basho, a famous haiku poet, who quoted and referenced Tsurezuregusa several times in his work.

  • The Book of Tea, a 20th-century essay by Okakura Kakuzo, a Japanese scholar and art critic, who introduced Tsurezuregusa and other aspects of Japanese culture to Western audiences.

  • The Unbearable Lightness of Being, a 20th-century novel by Milan Kundera, a Czech writer, who used Tsurezuregusa as a source of inspiration and quotation for his characters and themes.

Tsurezuregusa is a timeless masterpiece that captures the essence of the human condition and the beauty of the natural world. It is a book that can be enjoyed by anyone who appreciates the art of writing and the wisdom of living.

Download Tsurezuregusa PDF

If you are interested in reading Tsurezuregusa in its original language or in other translations, you can download the PDF version of the book from the following links:

  • [Tsurezuregusa in Japanese]

  • [Tsurezuregusa in English]

  • [Tsurezuregusa in Spanish]

  • [Tsurezuregusa in French]

  • [Tsurezuregusa in German]

The article is already quite long and covers the main aspects of Tsurezuregusa. I think it is a good time to conclude the article and thank the reader for their attention. Here is a possible ending paragraph: We hope that this article has given you a better understanding of Tsurezuregusa, one of the most influential and beloved works of Japanese literature. If you are interested in reading more about Kenko and his essays, you can check out some of the books and articles listed below. Thank you for reading and happy learning!

Further Reading

  • Keene, Donald. Essays in Idleness: The Tsurezuregusa of Kenko. Columbia University Press, 1998.

  • Ueda, Makoto. Literary and Art Theories in Japan. Western Washington University Press, 1967.

  • Sato, Hiroaki. The Sword and the Mind: The Classic Japanese Treatise on Swordsmanship and Tactics. Overlook Press, 1985.

  • Morris, Ivan. The World of the Shining Prince: Court Life in Ancient Japan. Kodansha International, 1994.

  • Yamamoto, Tsunetomo. Hagakure: The Book of the Samurai. Kodansha International, 1979.

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